How to clean a wound.


Before applying a plaster or dressing to a wound, it is critical to clean it thoroughly. This will help to reduce the risk of infection while also promoting the recovery process.


In most cases, a plaster or larger dressing is sufficient to stop bleeding from a cut or other wound.


Take the following steps:

  • Thoroughly wash and dry your hands

  • If disposable gloves are available, wear them.

  • If you're treating someone else, make sure they're sitting or lying down and tell them what you're doing.

  • Do not attempt to remove anything embedded in the wound; instead, seek medical attention (see below)

  • For 5 to 10 minutes, rinse the wound with running tap water.

  • Soak a gauze pad or cloth in saline solution or tap water, or use an alcohol-free wipe, and dab or wipe the skin gently – Antiseptics should not be used because they can harm the skin.

  • Gently pat the area dry with a clean towel or tissue pad, but not with anything fluffy, such as a cotton wool ball – Strands of material can become entangled in the wound.

  • Apply a sterile dressing, such as a nonadhesive pad wrapped in a bandage or a plaster – If one is available, apply a waterproof dressing.

  • If blood soaks through the dressing, leave it in place and replace it, continuing to apply pressure to the wound.


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